Are you living in a computer simulation?
This paper argues that at least one of the following propositions is true: (1) the human species is very likely to go extinct before reaching a "posthuman" stage; (2) any posthuman civilization is extremely unlikely to run a significant number of simulations of their evolutionary history (or variations thereof); (3) we are almost certainly living in a computer simulation. It follows that the belief that there is a significant chance that we will one day become posthumans who run ancestor-simu...Expand abstract
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- Peer review status:
- Peer reviewed
(Author's original, pdf, 94.0KB)
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- Copyright holder:
- Bostrom, N
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Citation: Bostrom, N. (2003). 'Are you living in a computer simulation?, Philosophical Quarterly, 53 (211), 243-255.
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